Who made the planning and construction of Wudang Mountain an
publish time: 2020-08-24 21:26 view times:[return]
During the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty, 300000 craftsmen and officers and soldiers built Wudang Mountain palace for 12 years. There were 33 palace buildings and 8000 houses in total, which made Wudang Mountain "the most famous mountain in the world" integrating architecture, religion and culture.
So, who planned and designed these dense palace buildings? And who participated in the construction?
The perfect harmony between Wudang and the imperial palace is achieved here.
Sun Biyun surveyed the terrain and planned Wudang ancient buildings according to the mountain situation
In 1412, a Taoist named sun Biyun rushed to Wudang Mountain. This trip, 68 years old, he will come to carry out a secret mission.
Sun Biyun, a native of Shaanxi Province, became a Taoist priest in Huashan at the age of 13. As an excellent disciple of Zhang Sanfeng, sun Biyun was familiar with the classics of the three religions, and his understanding of Taoism made the emperors of Hongwu and Yongle in Ming Dynasty admire him.
Therefore, when the Yongle Emperor Zhu Di wanted to build a royal Taoist temple, sun Biyun, who had profound attainments and accompanied him for a long time, became the best candidate.
According to historical records, Zhu Di sent an imperial edict to sun Biyun, asking him to go to Wudang Mountain to set up its rules and regulations, and I would set up Bu RI.
How to plan the mountain to meet the emperor's wishes?
After thinking for a long time, sun Biyun finally thought of the legend of Xuanwu, the main god of Wudang Mountain. Xuanwu God was originally the prince of jingle state. He was gifted and intelligent. He had no intention of inheriting the throne. When he was 15, he left his parents and went to Wudang Mountain to devote himself to cultivation. Under the guidance of the crow God, Xuanwu practiced in Wudang for 42 years and finally became an immortal.
When sun Biyun came to Wudang Mountain, he already knew the emperor's mind very well. However, how to embody the "divine power of monarchy" on a mountain?
In the process of climbing and thinking over and over again, an original abstract idea gradually becomes clear in sun Biyun's mind. Standing on the top of the mountain, he decided to integrate the story of cultivating immortals into the landscape of Wudang.
According to historical records, after entering the mountain at the age of 15, the prince began his lonely practice on a cliff full of clouds and mist. In countless times of searching, sun Biyun found the basis of the story. Today, looking down from the air, Taizi slope is backed by steep rocks and faces Jiudu ravine. The terrain is narrow and it is difficult to spread out horizontally like the plain area. It seems to violate the "central axis of imperial power" that the Royal Taoist temple should have. He thought of the Tao Te Ching, which he had studied for many years.
Sun Biyun was suddenly enlightened. Only by following the way of nature and respecting the objective laws of nature is the basis for planning the Royal dojo.
In Jingle Kingdom, the prince said goodbye to his mother after entering the mountain, the "Jianhe" where the prince pulled out his sword and split the mountain into a river; the "Jiudu River" where the Prince wanted to cross the stream but could not enter the mountain nine times; the "Fu Zhen Temple" that the Prince wanted to give up but finally turned back under the guidance of gods Sun Biyun finally integrated the story of the prince into the mountains and rivers. It was this fantastic idea that left rich tourism resources to Wudang Mountain in the future.
Sun Biyun clearly knew that Zhu Di's real intention was to let this mountain embody the supreme imperial power.
After four months of careful planning, sun Biyun submitted a perfect answer to Zhu Di. In June of the 10th year of Yongle (1412 A.D.), Zhu Di ordered Zhang Xin, Marquis of Longping, Muxin, commander-in-law of the emperor's son-in-law, Guo Li, a servant of the Ministry of work, and Jin Chun, the Minister of rites, to lead more than 300000 army laborers and craftsmen from Nanjing to Wudang Mountain. After walking for more than a month to Wudang Mountain, I made all kinds of preparations for starting work. At this time, Zhu Di issued a special edict, namely huangbang.
On July 11 of the 10th year of Yongle (July 11th, 1412 AD), Zhu Di issued an edict to the world with huangbang. He was determined to overhaul Wudang temple to thank the Xuanwu God for his protection for many years.
On September 18, 1412, Zhang Xin and Mu Xin led more than 300000 people to hold a grand opening ceremony in front of huangbang Pavilion.
Later, sun Biyun was appointed the abbot of Nanyan palace to lead the Taoism affairs in the whole mountain.
In 1417, sun Biyun came to Wudang Mountain for five years. Wudang Mountain five palaces and more than 20 other major projects have been completed, and the construction of Tianzhu peak Jinding is about to begin. At this time, sun Biyun, 72, was at the head of Nanyan palace, offering incense to Jinding and died.
Huangbangting crowd surging, the emperor ordered to build Wudang palace
In 1998, Beijing Jiade auction house auctioned Zhenwu Lingying atlas at a price of 550000 yuan. Among them, there was a color picture of huangbangting, with the title of "huangbang Ronghui". The color picture vividly shows the shapes of many common people, high officials and some ethnic minority figures gathered in huangbang Pavilion of Wudang Mountain. It reflects that when Emperor Yongle first announced the imperial edict to build Wudang Mountain palace and temple, all the people worshipped huangbang. What's more important is that the plaque on the pavilion in the picture is inscribed with the words "huangbang Pavilion", and all the yellow tablets are copied on the wall of the pavilion in regular script as small as ants. Zhenwu Lingying atlas was sold to Foshan commercial bank by Jinggui auction house of Foshan City. In 2006, Foshan municipal government will collect the atlas permanently.
The words recorded on the huangbang pavilion are clear and distinguishable, which enables people today to have a full view of Emperor Yongle's earliest edict to build Wudang palace.